江西| 金山| 定边| 乐清| 兰西| 平顺| 保山| 宝兴| 鄂尔多斯| 临夏县| 岱岳| 都兰| 广德| 喀什| 桂东| 镇雄| 泗县| 淇县| 南海镇| 平昌| 柳河| 章丘| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 祁阳| 西青| 新巴尔虎右旗| 水富| 陈仓| 鄯善| 郁南| 宜州| 防城港| 饶阳| 梁平| 古交| 广宁| 洪江| 广灵| 独山子| 北宁| 彭阳| 龙游| 博山| 商南| 和布克塞尔| 呼图壁| 邹城| 临猗| 炎陵| 黄山区| 薛城| 绩溪| 九江市| 正宁| 和布克塞尔| 蚌埠| 奉节| 大同区| 漳州| 太仓| 图木舒克| 隰县| 沈阳| 丰县| 本溪市| 八公山| 礼县| 宜良| 广丰| 五华| 道真| 五常| 广昌| 洛宁| 吴川| 成武| 鲁甸| 绥芬河| 成都| 凤台| 定州| 东港| 岗巴| 楚雄| 岳阳县| 下花园| 永和| 同心| 蕉岭| 崇义| 西峡| 灵璧| 鹰手营子矿区| 敦煌| 柳城| 宾川| 兰考| 青白江| 伊川| 广元| 南沙岛| 天门| 兴化| 鞍山| 正安| 盐池| 遂宁| 瓮安| 土默特左旗| 古冶| 郁南| 秀山| 丘北| 吉首| 汤阴| 井研| 裕民| 黎城| 天长| 八宿| 黄山区| 兴宁| 岗巴| 呼和浩特| 岫岩| 余江| 宕昌| 鄄城| 金寨| 广饶| 津市| 华宁| 宕昌| 北海| 新邱| 民丰| 马边| 淮安| 曾母暗沙| 太湖| 长寿| 西充| 合川| 三明| 高碑店| 邳州| 永春| 江达| 稷山| 乌拉特前旗| 塔什库尔干| 鹤壁| 珙县| 岗巴| 北海| 汤阴| 萍乡| 贵州| 阿勒泰| 谢家集| 绥芬河| 乐陵| 盐都| 两当| 沿河| 溧水| 郁南| 赫章| 秦安| 微山| 丰润| 满城| 寻甸| 汾阳| 嘉定| 喀什| 孟津| 轮台| 林周| 郎溪| 防城区| 凤冈| 宜昌| 苏尼特左旗| 博山| 民和| 藁城| 原平| 名山| 北安| 讷河| 营口| 大新| 化州| 茄子河| 班戈| 二连浩特| 南县| 田东| 阿克塞| 靖边| 平湖| 沛县| 江陵| 平谷| 朗县| 和林格尔| 开鲁| 左权| 凤县| 赵县| 黔江| 交口| 闻喜| 汾西| 曲靖| 崇阳| 贵南| 景洪| 如皋| 武夷山| 革吉| 霍山| 获嘉| 晋中| 海安| 路桥| 洪雅| 东阳| 钟祥| 思茅| 科尔沁左翼中旗| 丘北| 都匀| 新绛| 贺兰| 永定| 浪卡子| 梓潼| 全州| 永城| 奉节| 麻阳| 石屏| 紫金| 垦利| 泸西| 宽城| 江源| 沙县| 老河口| 七台河| 平南| 泉州| 麻城| 南岔| 公安| 房县| 江都| 吉水| 宣威| 霍州| 巢湖|

非洲大陆自贸区呼之欲出(环球热点)

2019-09-21 00:06 来源:搜搜百科

  非洲大陆自贸区呼之欲出(环球热点)

  Ablue-and-whiteporcelainwatercontaineroftheQingDynastyisamongtheexhibitsonshow.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)Ashipwreckislikeamuseum-atimecapsulefilledwithstoriesofthepeopleaboard,estori:ShipwrecksandExportedPorcelainontheMaritimeSilkRoadopenedatthemuseuminLingangNewCity,asatellitetowninsuburbanShanghai,tionsacrossChina,,bytheTangDynasty(618-907),internationaltradeflourished,carryingporcelainandsilkfromChinatotheArabianPeninsula,JapanandtheKoreanPeninsula,"wealthsharedbyallhumanity",saidWangLijun,directoroftheNingboMuseuminZhejiangProvince,attheexhibition,"wehopetopromotecommunicationandplayanactivepartinthebuildingoftheBeltandRoadInitiative".TheexhibitionattheChinaMaritimeMuseuminShanghaifeaturesmorethan240objectsandmodels(above)relatedtoancientship-buildingtechniques.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)TheexhibitionwasjointlycreatedbytheChinaMaritimeMuseum,theNanjingMuseumAdmi,andthenattheNingboMuseumfromJan19toApril8."Shanghaiisthefinalstopforourexhibition,"saysCaoZhijun,directoroftheNanjingMuseumAdministration."Wereceived220,000visitorsinNanjingand170,000inNingbo."Theexhibitionthattookustwoyearstoputr."sYangzhoutoaharborinIraqandsankaroundtheyear830,ilmanWalterfang,,000objectsweresalvagedfromtheshipwreck,dthat"theBatuHitamshipwreckisakintoamuseum"."Ittellsaboutthetechnologyofporcelainmakingintheninthcentury,andhownewforms,patternsandmethodsweredevelopedbecauseofinternationaltrade,"240objectsandmodels(above)relatedtoancientship-buildingtechniques.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)Tradealsoacceleratedtheimprovementofporcelain-makingtechniques,hesaysatalectureontheexhibition,henotes,Chinasblue-and-whitepotteryreachedaveryhightechnologicalandartisticlevelinthe15thcentury,andp,theexhibitionalsofeaturesmodelsoftheshipsandvideorecordingsoftheexcavationsanddevices,allowingvisitorstolearnaboutancientship-buildingtechniques,seavoyagesandceramicstrading."WehopetheexhibitionwillimprovepeoplesunderstandingoftheancientMaritimeSilkRoadandinspiremorecommunicationamongdifferentcountriestoday,"saysWangYu,,whichopenedin2010,showcasesChinasrichmaritimehistory,navigation,:-,May8-Aug7,,LingangNewCity,Pudong,240objectsandmodels(above)relatedtoancientship-buildingtechniques.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)FivepercentofadultsinEngland,oronein20saytheyoftenoralwaysfeellonely,and16percentofadultsreportedfeelinglonelysometimesand24percentoccasionally,asurveypublishedTuesdaybytheOfficeforNationalStatistics(ONS)nelymoreoftenthanmen,withthoseskfromloneliness:widowedolderhomeownerslivingalonewithlong-termhealthconditions,unmarriedmiddle-agedpeoplewithlong-termhealthconditionsandyoungpeoplelivinginrentedaccommonely,ysomeofthetime,,marriedhomeownersingoodhealthlivingwithothershavethelowestlikelihoodofloneliness,,:"Aspartofourworkonnationalwellbeing,wehavespenttimeexaminingthecharacteristicsandcircumstancesthatareassociatedwithpeoplesfeelingsofloneliness.""Todaysfindingscanbeusedtodeveloppolicyandinitiativesthataretargetedtosupportthoseatgreatestriskofloneliness,"astrategytoalleviatelonelinessinresponsetoareportbytheCommissiononLoneliness.  

PresidentXiJinpingspeaksattheopeningofthe19thMeetingoftheAcademiciansoftheChineseAcademyofSciencesandthe14thMeetingoftheAcademiciansoftheChineseAcademyofEngineeringonMondayinBeijing.(Photo/Xinhua)PresidentXiJinpingcalledonMondayforconcertedendeavorsandstrategicarrangementsinkeycutting-edgetechnologiesandinfieldssubjecttoothercountries"AsChinastrivesforprosperityandrejuvenation,itneedstodevotegreatenergytopromotingscienceandtechnology,endeavoringtobeamajorworldcenterforscienceandinnovation.""Self-relianceisthefoundationfortheChinesenationtostandfirmlyintheworldwhileindependentinnovationistheonlywayforustoclimbthepeakoftheworldsscienceandtechnology.""Hardpowerorsoftpower,theybothrelyonacountrysmanpower.""Innovationdecidesthenationsfuturewhilereformconcernsthenationing.""Iamimpressedbysuchabigfocusamajorplayerinscientificdevelopmentaroundtheworld."-JerzyDuszynski,presidentofthePolishAcademyofSciences"PresidentXigaveaveryinformativespeechonscience,,suchasthedigitalBeltandRoadproject,whichcanprovidecountriestakingpartintheinitiativewithvaluablegeographicandclimatedataandserveasapowerfultoolfordevelopment."MarkkuKulmala,professorofatmosphericscienceattheUniversityofHelsinki,Finland(Photo/Xinhua)"ThepresidenthasdefinitelytargetedthekeytopicofhowtoadvancescienceandtechnologyinChinaandhowtouseittohelptheChineseeconomy,thepeople,sinterestingthatsomeonewhoispresidentofsuchalargecountrycanactuallyfindthetimetocometoameetingofengineersandscientists.(Photo/Xinhua)Thatthappenveryofteninanycountry,soitsahugepluspointforChina."IanCluckie,professorofhydrometeorologyatSwanseaUniversity,UnitedKingdom.”ThepicturewaspostedlastFridayandhasbeensharedalmost170,000timessince,includingbyshockedparentswhoarestoppingtothinktwiceabouttheirtechnologyhabits.比森上周五把照片上传到网上,这个帖子已经被分享了近17万次,包括那些感到惊讶的家长,他们开始仔细反省自己使用科技产品的习惯。

  Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)StudentsofMiaoqianVillagestudyatthelibraryinahostelinMoganshanTowninDeqingCounty,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May29,,whoworkedinpublishing,,000booksinthehostelmadeitfamousandattractedmanytourists.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)StudentsofMiaoqianVillagestudyatthelibraryinahostelinMoganshanTowninDeqingCounty,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May29,,whoworkedinpublishing,,000booksinthehostelmadeitfamousandattractedmanytourists.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)VillagerYaoWenzhenarrangesbooksatthelibraryinahostelinMoganshanTowninDeqingCounty,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May29,,whoworkedinpublishing,,000booksinthehostelmadeitfamousandattractedmanytourists.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)PhotoshowswallsofbooksinahostelinMoganshanTowninDeqingCounty,eastChinasZhejiangProvince,May29,,whoworkedinpublishing,,000booksinthehostelmadeitfamousandattractedmanytourists.(Xinhua/WengXinyang)

  Theexhibitionof169displaysattheCapitalMuseuminBeijingincludessuchitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)VisitinganongoingexhibitionattheCapitalMuseumislikereadingabookabouteasternBeijing-JiFuTongHui(akeyjunctionontheoutskirtsofthecapitalcity)-whichareanaptdescriptionofTongzhou,-comprising169displays-eijings"sub-center".,awell-preservedancientcitydatingtotheWesternHanDynasty(206BC-AD24)chitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)YuPing,deputydirectoroftheBeijingmunicipaladministrationofculturalheritage,,dailyitems,pottery,constructionmaterialsandotherculturalrelicsfromthesiteareondisplay."The(Luxian)siteisuniquebecauseitistheonlydiscoveredcounty-levelcityruinsfromtheWesternHanDynasty,"saysGaoHongqing,curatoroftheexhibition."Itfillsavoidinourstudiesofurbanconstructionandlocalgovernmentstructurefromthatdynasty.",theLiaoDynasty(916-1125)madeBeijingoneofits"fivemetropolises",andin1153,theJurchenruleroftheJinDynasty(1115-1234)moveditscapitalcitytoBeijing,makingitthepoliticalcenterofnorthernChina."Duetoitspivotalposition,thestatusofTongzhoukeptgrowing,"chitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)ManyartifactsfromtheCapitalMuseumsowncollection,whichwerealsounearthedinTongzhou,(picturedtop)smovetomakeBeijingthecapitaloftheYuanDynasty(1271-1368)alsogaveaboosttoTongzhousfortunes,especiallyaftertheconstructionoftheGrandCanal,whichlinksBeijingandHangzhou,capitalofZhejiangprovince."Thecityexpandedandthepopulationalsogrewrapidly,"saysGao.",whichwastransportedviathecanalfromsouthernChina."Accordingtohistoricalrecords,thchitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)In1329,(acontainerthatcouldholdabout75kilograms),(1368-1644)andQing(1644-1911)ighriceatTongzhou,headofthemuseum,talksaboutaQingmapoftheGrandCanal,fromBeijingtoShandongprovince,fromthereignofYongzheng(1722-35).AccordingtoZheng,themapwastakentoJapanduringtheWarofResistanceAgainstJapaneseAggression(1931-45)butwasbroughtbacktoChinaaround2000."Youcanstillfindmanyfacilitiesthatexisttodayonthemap,"AgiantpandaenjoysicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)GiantpandasenjoyicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)AgiantpandaenjoysicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)AgiantpandaenjoysicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)AgiantpandaenjoysicedfruitatChimelongSafariParkinGuangzhouCity,SouthChina’sGuangdongProvince,May28,,keepersintheparkstartedprovidingfrozenfoodtothepandas.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ChenJimin)

Theexhibitionof169displaysattheCapitalMuseuminBeijingincludessuchitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)VisitinganongoingexhibitionattheCapitalMuseumislikereadingabookabouteasternBeijing-JiFuTongHui(akeyjunctionontheoutskirtsofthecapitalcity)-whichareanaptdescriptionofTongzhou,-comprising169displays-eijings"sub-center".,awell-preservedancientcitydatingtotheWesternHanDynasty(206BC-AD24)chitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)YuPing,deputydirectoroftheBeijingmunicipaladministrationofculturalheritage,,dailyitems,pottery,constructionmaterialsandotherculturalrelicsfromthesiteareondisplay."The(Luxian)siteisuniquebecauseitistheonlydiscoveredcounty-levelcityruinsfromtheWesternHanDynasty,"saysGaoHongqing,curatoroftheexhibition."Itfillsavoidinourstudiesofurbanconstructionandlocalgovernmentstructurefromthatdynasty.",theLiaoDynasty(916-1125)madeBeijingoneofits"fivemetropolises",andin1153,theJurchenruleroftheJinDynasty(1115-1234)moveditscapitalcitytoBeijing,makingitthepoliticalcenterofnorthernChina."Duetoitspivotalposition,thestatusofTongzhoukeptgrowing,"chitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)ManyartifactsfromtheCapitalMuseumsowncollection,whichwerealsounearthedinTongzhou,(picturedtop)smovetomakeBeijingthecapitaloftheYuanDynasty(1271-1368)alsogaveaboosttoTongzhousfortunes,especiallyaftertheconstructionoftheGrandCanal,whichlinksBeijingandHangzhou,capitalofZhejiangprovince."Thecityexpandedandthepopulationalsogrewrapidly,"saysGao.",whichwastransportedviathecanalfromsouthernChina."Accordingtohistoricalrecords,thchitemsasaQingDynasty(1644-1911)mapoftheGrandCanal,andotherculturalrelicslikedailyitems,potteryandconstructionmaterials.(PhotoprovidedtoChinaDaily)In1329,(acontainerthatcouldholdabout75kilograms),(1368-1644)andQing(1644-1911)ighriceatTongzhou,headofthemuseum,talksaboutaQingmapoftheGrandCanal,fromBeijingtoShandongprovince,fromthereignofYongzheng(1722-35).AccordingtoZheng,themapwastakentoJapanduringtheWarofResistanceAgainstJapaneseAggression(1931-45)butwasbroughtbacktoChinaaround2000."Youcanstillfindmanyfacilitiesthatexisttodayonthemap,"

  AdestroyedstructureisseenaslavafromtheKilaueavolcanopoursoutofafissureinLeilaniEstatesnearPahoa,Hawaii,,May26,2018.(Photo/Agencies)OfferingsareleftonafreshlavabedfromtheKilaueavolcano,intheLeilaniEstatesnearPahoa,Hawaii,,May26,2018.(Photo/Agencies)LavafromtheKilaueavolcanopoursoutofafissure,intheLeilaniEstatesnearPahoa,Hawaii,,May26,2018.(Photo/Agencies)OnlookersgatherinfrontofhardenedlavafromtheKilaueavolcano,intheLeilaniEstatesnearPahoa,Hawaii,,May26,2018.(Photo/Agencies)OnlookersgathertowatchaslavapoursoutofafissureintheLeilaniEstatesnearPahoa,Hawaii,,May26,2018.(Photo/Agencies)

  AdeadlyvirusisthreateningTasmaniaslucrativesalmon-farmingindustry,withtheAustralianStatesEnvironmentalProtectionAuthority(EPA),thediseaseknownaspilchardorthomyxovirus(POMV)hashadasevereeffectonanumberofcommercialfish-farmsoperatedbyHuonAquaculture,PetunaandTassal."Ithitallthreecompaniesacrossthemajorityofleases,sothatistroublingfromthepointofviewofthemanagementofthatdisease,",thearea,theEPAhasannouncedapolicytoreduceMacquarieHarboursbiomasslimitbyover20percentoverthenexttwoyears,inanattempttoeasethespreadofthevirus."POMVcanbeexacerbatedbystresscausedbyheat,lowoxygen,andIthinkthissummerweveseensomeelevatedtemperaturesandclearlysomeconcernsaboutoxygen,"Fordsaid."Myviewisthatitisprudenttoadoptanapproachwhichreducesthebiomassforasufficienttimetoallowharborresponsetobemonitoredandinterpretedmeaningfully.""Thisfurtherreductioniswarrantedtoreducethepressureontheharborandallowforfurtherrecovery."StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)

  FivepercentofadultsinEngland,oronein20saytheyoftenoralwaysfeellonely,and16percentofadultsreportedfeelinglonelysometimesand24percentoccasionally,asurveypublishedTuesdaybytheOfficeforNationalStatistics(ONS)nelymoreoftenthanmen,withthoseskfromloneliness:widowedolderhomeownerslivingalonewithlong-termhealthconditions,unmarriedmiddle-agedpeoplewithlong-termhealthconditionsandyoungpeoplelivinginrentedaccommonely,ysomeofthetime,,marriedhomeownersingoodhealthlivingwithothershavethelowestlikelihoodofloneliness,,:"Aspartofourworkonnationalwellbeing,wehavespenttimeexaminingthecharacteristicsandcircumstancesthatareassociatedwithpeoplesfeelingsofloneliness.""Todaysfindingscanbeusedtodeveloppolicyandinitiativesthataretargetedtosupportthoseatgreatestriskofloneliness,"astrategytoalleviatelonelinessinresponsetoareportbytheCommissiononLoneliness.  

  StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)StaffmembersattheInsectMuseumofWestChinafoundafive-hornedrhinocerosbeetlewithfourlargehornsonitsprothoraxandoneextra-longcephalichornonQingchengMountaininChengduCity,osbeetlefoundintheprovince.(Photo:ChinaNewsService/ZhaoLi)A67-million-yearoldfemaleTyrannosaurusRexdiscoveredintheUnitedStatesin2013isreadyforanexhibitionattheNationalMuseumofNaturalHistoryinParis,"UnT-RexaParis",2018,displayingoneofthemostcompleteskeletonsofthedinosaurintheworld.(Photo/Agencies)A67-million-yearoldfemaleTyrannosaurusRexdiscoveredintheUnitedStatesin2013isreadyforanexhibitionattheNationalMuseumofNaturalHistoryinParis,"UnT-RexaParis",2018,displayingoneofthemostcompleteskeletonsofthedinosaurintheworld.(Photo/Agencies)A67-million-yearoldfemaleTyrannosaurusRexdiscoveredintheUnitedStatesin2013isreadyforanexhibitionattheNationalMuseumofNaturalHistoryinParis,"UnT-RexaParis",2018,displayingoneofthemostcompleteskeletonsofthedinosaurintheworld.(Photo/Agencies)A67-million-yearoldfemaleTyrannosaurusRexdiscoveredintheUnitedStatesin2013isreadyforanexhibitionattheNationalMuseumofNaturalHistoryinParis,"UnT-RexaParis",2018,displayingoneofthemostcompleteskeletonsofthedinosaurintheworld.(Photo/Agencies)

  Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)Europeslargestwoodenbuildingandsecondlargestintheworld,locatedonIstanbulsBüyükadaisland,isnowamongthesevenmostendange,thePrinkipoG,theagingPrinkipoGreekOrthodoxorphanageisindangerofcollapse.(Photo/Agencies)

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净慧长老:做人记住这八个字 你的人生就一定圆满

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来源:凤凰佛教综合

人生没有信仰,就好像一个人没有灵魂一样,一个人只有选择了正确健康的信仰,人生的道路和方向才能够真正定位。

种什么因结什么果(图片来源:凤凰佛教 摄影:徐华)

一、信仰

人生不能没有信仰。人生没有信仰了,就好像一个人没有灵魂一样,做一切事情都没有定盘星,没有内在的符合善法的标准、符合自他利益的标准。一个人只有选择了正确健康的信仰,人生的道路和方向才能够真正定位。如果人生的方向不能定位,我们做人做事的目标就不会很清晰,就是盲目的。

信仰可以根据每个人不同的兴趣和需求自由选择。佛教说一个人选择何种信仰,与他过去的善根、慧根有直接关系。慧根深厚的人,他会选择一个非常究竟的信仰,非常正确健康的信仰,使我们不至于走到信仰的误区,不至于在信仰问题上、在人生的目标上产生偏差。

二、因果

世间的万事万物都是有因有果的。种什么因结什么果,就像春天播什么种子,秋天就有什么样的收获一样。所谓:如是因,如是果;种瓜得瓜,种豆得豆;善恶到头终有报,只争来早与来迟。人生做一切事情,一个最根本的出发点,就是要明白因果道理。我们有了正确、健康、究竟的信仰,我们做人做事就一定有非常具体的善恶标准。有了善恶的标准,我们在举心动念、所作所为当中,就会种善因得善果,尽量避免种恶因。能够不种恶因,就不会得恶果。

人生的际遇多种多样,有的人做事情一帆风顺,心想事成;有的人做事情,种种障碍,种种不顺心。人生的种种际遇,都不是偶然的,都是因果规律在起作用。

有时候,我们会把因果的作用看成是固定不变的。当然,种什么因得什么果,确实有一定的规律性。但是,只要我们有一个健康的信仰,在结果上尽管我们不可选择,但是在种因上我们有主动权。我们不能选择什么果报,但是可以选择种什么因。我们尽量不做损人利己、伤天害理的事,经过不断地积累,就能够改变人生的际遇。我们无法改变结果,但是我们可以创造一切善因善缘,使恶的结果推迟,使好的结果提前。这也不是不可能的,这也是我们人生的主动权。

佛教告诉我们,时间分为三世:过去、现在、未来,我们的生命就在时间中存在,所以我们的生命也分为过去、现在和未来。三世的生活状况和生存际遇如何,就构成了三世因果。三世可以在一念间,因为每一念都可以从时间上界定过去、现在和未来;同样,也可以把过去、现在和未来延展到生命很遥远的过去以及很遥远的未来。这就是佛教对生命的基本看法。

我们个人的生命绝对不是在几十年前偶然发生的现象。佛教认为生命前前无始、后后无终。既然生命是这样一种现象,那么我们每个人如何在生命的无尽长河中修养自己和提升自己,就是一个非常关键的问题。

三、良心

如何保证因果的规律在我们的生活当中得到落实?良心是保证。有良心的人,他一定会时时刻刻想到自己的利益和他人的利益是一致的,一定会时时刻刻想到损害他人的同时就是损害自己。

所谓良心是什么呢?良心是非常奥妙的。只要我们有一念恻隐之心、一念向善之心、一念慈悲之心,一念爱心,就说明是良心在发挥作用。良心在儒家的思想里说是“天理良心”,它和上天所规定的根本道理是一致的。

上有天理,下有良心。天理就是宇宙万物的自然法则,良心就是我们人的良知良能。人有良知良能,所以从古至今,善事的积累、好事的积累、功德的积累,总是占主要的位置,这就是良心的落实。如果良心偏离了,良知良能没有得到发挥,那就是人类的劣根性在起作用。所以在我们人类历史上,无论是过去还是现在,总有许多阴暗面,总有许多丑恶面,这是我们人类从古到今时时必须面对的事实。

怎样使人类光明的一面占上风,使丑恶阴暗的一面尽量缩小,这就要靠人类良知良能的养成、要靠良心的落实。从普通老百姓来讲,不知道什么是因果,也不知道什么是信仰,只知道这个人有没有良心。普通老百姓就是用有没有良心来衡量一个人的是非善恶。由此可见,养成和发扬人性善良的一面,抑制消除人性丑恶阴暗的一面,就是不断培养人类良知良能的过程。

四、道德

良心的落实,是在家庭、社会、个人的道德修养中来体现。道德不是空洞的概念,道德是一种伦理关系、社会关系。两个人以上,才有所谓的伦理,才有所谓道德。由此可见,人生在世,没有一时一刻是孤立的,每时每刻都在与不同的社会成员发生各种各样的关系,如何正确处理好这些关系,那就要用道德的观念来指导我们每时每刻的言行。

从一个国家来说,她用法律的力量来约束我们老百姓的言行,使每一个老百姓的言行能够服从国家利益、社会利益和人民利益。国家法律以什么为基础呢?以道德为基础。道德的内容体现在法制建设上,体现在法律条文上。法治的目的就是要落实人类的道德,法治完善了,德治就在其中。

作为一个社会团体,一个企业、一个工厂、一个寺院,都会根据国家的法律和该团体自身的要求,制定诸多具体的规章制度,那也是道德建设的组成部分。

具体讲到佛教的道德,就体现为佛教的清规和戒律。清规戒律缩到最小的范围,就是五戒。五戒的内容很具体:不杀生、不偷盗、不邪淫、不妄语、不饮酒。一个人对于自身和他人所做的种种好事坏事,无非是这五个方面的延伸。

尽管国家的法律很多,真正归结到几点上,不会超过佛教五戒所指的这些内容。所以佛教的五戒,是社会道德的根本原则,也是我们人生修养身心,落实信仰、因果和良心的基本准则。

我们在做人当中,能够按照“信仰、因果、良心、道德”这八个字要求自己,我们就会有一个幸福、圆满、尊贵的人生;反之,我们人生的种种缺陷、种种烦恼和痛苦,都是由于没有很好地落实这八个字而造成的。

[责任编辑:邢彦玲 PFO003]

责任编辑:邢彦玲 PFO003

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